About listed buildings

Buildings which are of special architectural or historic interest are listed by Historic England to help to protect them from being altered or demolished.

Listing marks and celebrates a building's special architectural and historic interest, and also brings it under the consideration of the planning system, so that it can be protected for future generations.

The older a building is, and the fewer the surviving examples of its kind, the more likely it is to be listed.

What is listed

A listed building is one that is considered to be of special architectural or historic interest and has been included on the National Heritage List of England. These buildings are protected by law, under the Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, meaning that any alterations or extension that would affect their character as a building of special interest, will require formal listed building consent.

Listed buildings are graded according to their quality and interest.

Grade I

Approximately 4% of the country's buildings of exceptional quality and interest, such as country houses and churches.

Grade II*

Grade II* buildings with additional features of interest, such as a fine staircase or important surviving roof structure.

Grade II

The vast majority of listed buildings are classified as grade II. These buildings can range from a medieval house to a 1930s telephone kiosk.

Find a listed building

You can find if a building is listed by searching the National Heritage List for England (NHLE). This is the only official, up to date, register of all nationally protected historic buildings and sites in England - listed buildings, scheduled monuments, protected wrecks, registered parks and gardens, and battlefields.

Search the National Heritage List

Listed building consent

There is no fee for submitting a listed building consent application. However, if planning permission is also required for the works, then a fee would be due for the planning permission element.

Listed building consent form 

Icon for pdf Listed building consent guidance notes [77.3KB]

You will also need to produce a heritage statement to support of your application.

Failure to obtain listed building consent prior to commencement of work, is a criminal offence.


Additional information

► Curtilage listing